The Impact of Inflation on Commercial Property Insurance

construction cost inflation

From supply chain shortages to COVID-related shutdowns to worker shortages, 2022 brought the highest U.S. inflation rates of the past 40 years. Inflation is affecting everything from the price of that (former) “dollar pizza” to the value of used cars to raw building materials, making these trends particularly relevant to commercial insureds with building and business income coverages. 

How has Inflation impacted construction costs?

Commercial buildings are generally insured on a replacement cost basis, which is the cost to replace the building with materials of similar kind and quality with no deduction for depreciation.

According to the National Building Cost Trends, annual change in material costs between January 2021 and January 2022 were startling:

  • Lumber +15.6%
  • Plywood +47.0%
  • Commercial Steel +21.5%
  • Commercial Concrete +14.2%
  • Structural Steel +34.2%

Six months in to 2022, the rise of these prices still have not slowed. In fact, the Corporate Responsibility Report generated a construction cost index with a forecasted rise in construction costs of over 14 percent by the end of the fiscal year, with labor and material costs remaining on a steady incline as well.

Luckily, experts also predict a slow decline in prices over the coming two years. The cost of materials, for example, will be the first aspect of the construction model to cool, with an anticipated return to typical prices by mid-2023. The overall period of escalation we’ve been experiencing is expected to stabilize by late 2024.

What does inflation have to do with insurance?

One of the primary purposes of commercial insurance is to shift the exposure of financial loss to the insurance company, freeing up other funds for investment back into your business.

While you can’t control inflation, you can take charge of your financial protection by analyzing your current building limit and ensuring that the limit is adequate to replace the building in the unfortunate event of a total loss. 

Being underinsured could result in a significant unanticipated capital outlay. Some commercial insurance policies also include coinsurance clauses requiring the building limit to be a minimum percentage (typically 80, 90 or 100 percent) of the full replacement cost value. If current inflation rates aren’t taken into account, the coinsurance penalty could also result in unanticipated capital outlay.

Keep In Mind: Central Insurance waives building coinsurance on most of our commercial property policies. 

How to Better Protect Your Commercial Property

Your independent insurance agent and insurance company will have valuation resources available to confirm the replacement cost of your building. Since property rates are applied to the building values per 100, you’re likely to see premium increases while inflations rates rise.

A few mitigation actions to potentially offset these increases include higher deductibles, installing fire protection (i.e. sprinkler system, central station fire alarms) for possible rate credits, and self-insuring smaller structures.

Meeting with your insurance agent is also a good opportunity to make sure that you are adequately covered for any building code ordinance or law requirements.

Business Income coverage should also be reviewed in light of the current inflation rates. This important coverage keeps income flowing, retains key employees and retains customers. Inflation can affect sales, wages and the restoration time to repair your property. Additionally, there may be a coinsurance clause applicable. Your independent agent can help you evaluate these important exposures in order to set an adequate business income limit. 

Don’t Forget: Central Insurance waives coinsurance on Business Income on most of our commercial property policies.

Commercial Property Insurance with Central

A commercial property insurance policy helps you manage the many exposures to financial loss.

Central’s broad, affordable coverage provides the peace of mind you need that your property is covered, even in times of inflation.

What’s more, discounts are available for new buildings, good loss experience, and above-average management practices.

Don’t let inflation minimize your protection. Be proactive and schedule a consultation with your agent to review your coverage and ensure that you’re adequately protected. 

inflation and commercial property insurance

Contributing Author, John Carroll
John Carroll is a Commercial Staff Underwriter in Central’s Southeast Regional Office. His responsibilities include commercial property underwriting and training. He has over 30 years of experience as a commercial lines underwriter and over 20 of them with Central. John is a graduate of Georgia State University and has earned his Chartered Property Casualty Underwriter (CPCU) designation.


The information above is of a general nature and your policy and coverages provided may differ from the examples provided. Please read your policy in its entirety to determine your actual coverage available.

This article was originally published in March 2022, and has since been updated for accuracy.

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